This Badge was established by the head of the Greek Orthodox Church in Jerusalem in 1925. It is the highest rank of the Patriarchal Orthodox Crusaders. It was awarded to the senior clergy of the diocese in recognition of its outstanding performance in Christian work.
The body consists of a multi-piece structure, silver, a Greek crown cross emblem embossed with blue, green and black enamel at the center. The central motif was born with the hand-painted Jerusalem Christ, and is engraved with "ΕΝΤΟΥΤΩ, ΝΙΚΑ ΝΙΚΑ" on the cross ring (to win honor). The Greek Crown Cross Ring badge is set in the center of the silver star anise. The medal is 85.5 mm x 84.5 mm in diameter.
In the 9th and 10th centuries, with the expansion of the power of the Roman Catholic pope, resulting in power struggles and F·B, the Italian nobles often controlled the pope's election, and some of the corrupted people became popes. From 900 onwards, the Pope's prestige fell, and several reforms cannot be reversed. In 1054 AD, the Catholic Church and Orthodox Church were formally divided to form Eastern Orthodox Church.
History of Background information:
This division of Christianity is in line with the division of the Roman Empire.
Shortly after Christianity became a state religion in Rome in the fourth century AD, the Roman Empire officially split itself into the Western Roman Empire with the Apennine Peninsula as its core, and the Eastern Roman Empire with Constantinople as its core.
The division of the Roman Empire was deeply influenced by the geographical level. In short, the Mediterranean region where the Roman Empire is located has a vast territory, a relatively loose geographical structure, strong independence of all plates, and lack of strong enough to suppress the Quartet’s core divisions. In this case, in order to maintain the Roman civilization The results of the expansion ensure effective control of the various edge plates within the sector. Rome can only be divided into two parts politically.
After the political division, although the Eastern Roman Empire was still under a civilized and political system, the impact of splitting was obvious, plus the natural differences in the national, linguistic, and cultural aspects of the two geopolitical plates. The difference is even more pronounced. In 476 AD, the Western Roman Empire was destroyed by barbarians. While the Eastern Roman Empire continued politically to continue the Roman cloak, since then, politically, the two have no connection.
The political ties are all broken, and the split between the two major churches is inevitable. As far as the Eastern Roman Empire is concerned, after the loss of the birthplace of Italy, the church had its own localization in the development process. The native sub-civilization system of the Balkans was integrated with the Greek civilization. And to replace the barbarians who ruled the Western Roman territory, Apennine, the birthplace of this Roman civilization, was inevitably radiated by Roman traditional civilization and gradually became Latinized.
Of course, both the Hellenized East Romans and the Latinized barbarians were all in Europe as a whole geographical plate, and ethnic and cultural heritage were also linked to the same gate. Therefore, both of them preserved Christianity at the level of religious civilization. faith. However, due to the mutual independence of the geographical pattern, and the differences in politics and sub-civilization (ethnicity, language, and customs), the Christian churches of their respective faiths have revealed increasingly stronger opposition and conflicts. This opposition and conflict was not obvious in the early years of the fall of Western Rome.
What did that add to the conflict and conflict between the two?
First of all, with the strong rise of Islam in the 7th century AD, Eastern Rome faced strong external pressure in the East, and the territories of Asia and North Africa were continuously eroded and the national strength was greatly deteriorated;
Second, as the population grows and the level of production increases, Western Europe, Central Europe, and other undeveloped wilderness areas under the pretext of Western Rome were gradually developed and strengthened, as these areas are geographically alienated from Constantinople. So under the jurisdiction of the Holy See.
As a result, the Eastern Roman Empire went downhill, and the Roman Catholic Church went all the way up. The political influence of Eastern Rome on the Christian World in the West has also become smaller and smaller, and the Holy See has become increasingly indifferent to the restraint of the universal church in Constantinople. This shift led to the split of the Eastern and Western churches in 1054. The universal minister of Constantinople and the Pope of Rome excommunicated each other, and Christianity was split into the Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church.