The "Russian Outstanding Person" is a series of commemorative coins that Russian banks began issuing shortly after the establishment of the Russian Federation. It has taken a very long time and is still full of vitality. It is an example of similar subjects in various countries.
From 1993 to 2018, the "Russia Outstanding People" series includes commemorative coins that have been issued and planned to be issued, excluding refined and common currency versions, a total of 101 species. Among them, 7 were issued in 1999 and 2008; 6 were issued in 1993, 1997, 1998, and 2007; 5 were issued in 1994, 2006, and 2012; 1995, 2000, and 2013 Four kinds of publications were issued in 2015, 2016, and 2017; three were issued in 2003, 2004, 2009, 2011, and 2018; two were issued in 1996, 2005, and 2010; 2001, and 2002 , 1 release in 2014.
The specifications of this series of commemorative coins have changed from time to time. The changes are as follows: In 1993, refined and custom copper and nickel coins were issued in 2 versions, with a diameter of 31 mm; from 1994 to 1998, a version of refined silver coins was issued with 50% silver content. The total weight is 15.87 grams and the diameter is 33 millimeters. Since 1999, one version of refined silver coins has been issued, containing 92.5% silver, a total weight of 17 grams, and a diameter of 33 millimeters. The circulation of each type of coin is not fixed, so some varieties are hard to find.
Judging from the time span of issuance and the type of issue, the Russian Bank is interested in using this series of commemorative coins to include the most outstanding figures in Russian history, including politicians, military commanders, writers, composers, painters, architects, etc. . The public can obtain historical knowledge of these outstanding figures through commemorative currency issuance information, and inherit the spiritual and cultural heritage of Russia. This is exactly the meaning of the issuance of this series of commemorative coins.
"Russian Outstanding Figures" series of commemorative coins are meticulously designed and exquisite, demonstrating the exquisite coin design level of large countries. The 1st ruble copper-nickel alloy coin "Vladimir Ivanovich Walnardsky" issued on February 25, 1993, was the first commemorative coin of the series.
This commemorative coin is divided into two versions of refined currency and custom currency. The front side of the coin is a double-headed eagle logo from the Russian bank, with portraits on the back. V.I. Vernadsky (1863-1945) is a Russian mineralogist, geologist and futurist. He summed up the life groups on the earth and their impact on the material resources of the earth. In 1926 he proposed the famous "biosphere" theory. Waldnerski believes that with the development of life groups, intelligence or consciousness will merge from independent individuals in the future to form a huge network - this conjecture has now been verified. This is the World Wide Web. The scientist shown on the back of the picture is a pair of eyebrows and deep thinking. The detailed depiction of the characters is the expertise of the Russian numismatic designer.
The "Pavel Petrovich Barov" 2 rouble silver commemorative coin issued on January 18, 1994 is the first silver coin in the series (strictly speaking, it is a low silver coin, or "silver copper coin").
Pavel Petrovov (1879-1950) was a former Soviet writer. His "Malacock's Box" (1939) was written according to the Ural folklore and was the first in world literature to extol the industry in the form of a fairy tale. Worker's work. With this extraordinary achievement, the writer won the Stalin Prize in 1943. On the back of the silver coin, the half-length portrait of the writer is displayed, and the various scenes and characters appearing in the writer's works are integrated into the pattern to make the pattern full of life and interest.
From 2016 onwards, the series has positively enabled the use of the Russian emblem. The Russian initiative to restore the glory of the great powers is evident:
This silver coin was issued on November 29, 2016 in honor of the 250th anniversary of the birth of Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin. Nikolai Mikhailovich (NM Karamzin, 1766-1826) is a Russian writer and historian who advocates moderate and conservative political views, defends the enlightened monarchy, and compiles a 12-volume "Russia's national history. 》 His literary creation is biased toward sentimentalism. He mostly describes the heroines in daily life such as peasants and aristocrats, and emphasizes their inner feelings and misfortunes. It has certain practical significance. The pattern shows the positive portraits of the characters and their works. Particularly rare, this silver coin embodies the deep and deep carving skill of the coin sculptor, accurately depicting the appearance of the figures on the thin layer of embossed surface, and making the commemorative coin. The characters are clearly visible and lifelike. Concise, powerful, and vivid are the biggest features of Russian commemorative coin design.
The coin issuance program for 2017 is not yet over. The Bank of Russia has publicized the project's issuance schedule for 2018, and will issue another three commemorative coins of “Russia's Outstanding Persons” next year, making this series of commemorative coin issue types broken. (Compilation: Ma Tianyi)